Category: Patanjali Yog Sutras (Page 1 of 5)

Day 48, 1.47:निर्विचारवैशारद्येऽध्यात्मप्रसादः॥nirvicāra-vaiśāradye-‘dhyātma-prasādaḥ ॥


As the mind attains nirvichara , when the subtle thoughts are crossed then we are blessed with the adhyatma. The meaning of adhyatma is supreme self. Here it is explained that ass we keep crossing various stages of meditation then we reach the stage where we can realize the adhyatma. This happens when we cross the seeds of our thoughts and as we dive deeper then the person doing meditation is blessed with looking at supreme self in meditation.

Day 47, 1.46: ता एव सबीजः समाधिः॥tā eva sabījas-samādhiḥ ॥


Here Patanjali introduces the word samadhi for the first time. He uses the word sabija samadhi. We have seen the word SA-vitarka sampatti and NI-vitarka sampatti, then he uses the words SA-vichara sampatti and NIR-vichara sampatti , now he uses the word SA-Bija samadhi. This is the first stage of union with the universal soul. We unite with the seed that created the universe which is in the unconscious state of the mind. It’s not that we become unconscious we are conscious but reach that stage where we reach the seed stage of the thoughts. The thoughts start ceasing slowly and slowly as we go deeper and deeper in meditation.

Day 46, 1.45, सूक्ष्मविषयत्वं चालिङ्गपर्यवसानम्॥sūkṣma-viṣayatvam-ca-aliṇga paryavasānam 


Once even the subtle level has crossed we tend to reach the state of Prakriti . People might have experienced stages given in 1.44 and 1.45 during meditations though for a very brief period of time. Where we feel we entered into some area which is totally non-explainable. Basically, it is moving from conscious state (Savitarka sampatti) to subconsciousness ( Nivitarka sampatti ) and then the stage of unconsciousness and then cross that stage too in the final one.

Day 45, 1.44,  एतयैव सविचारा निर्विचारा च सूक्ष्मविषया व्याख्याता॥etayaiva savicārā nirvicārā ca sūkṣma-viṣaya vyākhyātā ॥


Here two further stages of meditations are mentioned. Stage one meditation is wholesome thoughts about the object : savitarka samadhi.

Stage two meditation is dissolving of wholesome thoughts of the object called nirvitarka samadhi.

Stage there of meditation is all the external thoughts about the objects dissolve and only subtle thoughts remain.

Stage four is dissolving even the subtle thoughts about the object.

Thus when we cross the stages of meditation crossing one layer and another layer we enter to the minutest subtle thought about the object.

Day 44, 1.43 स्मृतिपरिशुद्धौ स्वरूपशून्येवार्थमात्रनिर्भासा निर्वितर्का॥smr̥ti-pariśuddhau svarūpa-śūnyeva-arthamātra-nirbhāsā nirvitarkā ॥


In the earlier sutra 1.43 we talked about savitarka sampatti. In this sutra we will talk abour nivitarka samaptti.

The components of savitarka sampatti are word, knowledge and essence of the object that comes n mind on which we meditate.

In nivitrka sampatti , we move to the memory level and meditate and achieve samadhi.

When we meditate on an object there are stages of meditation. First it is word, secondly , the knowledge associated with the word and third the memory associated with the word.

Let us take an example of object of meditation:

  1. Breath: If we are meditating on breath, we observe that we are breathing. This is the word. Then the knowledge of breathing that we are inhaling and exhaling. (words). Thus, we know whether we are taking breath inside or outside.

How did we know that we are inhaling or exhaling? we were told in class and in our childhood by our elders that the act of taking air inside is called inhaling and act of giving out breath is exhaling. This is knowledge.

If we go beyond that then the act of only breathing remains. Just observe it then the memory of knowledge slowly and slowly fades away and we only meditate on the object of breath itself.

This state is called nivitarka sampatti or nivitarka samadhi.


Day 43, 1.42  तत्र शब्दार्थज्ञानविकल्पैः संकीर्णा सवितर्का समापत्तिः॥tatra śabdārtha-jñāna-vikalpaiḥ saṁkīrṇā savitarkā samāpattiḥ ॥


Please read 1.9 and 1.17 for a better understanding of this sutra. In 1.9 the meaning and definition of “vikalpa” are given How we tend to form an imaginary world because of words and knowledge.

In 1.17 it is mentioned that vitarka is the state of application of mind towards an object. It happens in the initial stages of meditation.

Here in this sutra, two mental processes are explained. Imagination and application of mind on an object. The object here is knowledge which is in the form of words and has a meaning.

Thus we can say that sampatti ( Samadhi)/ absorption state, is achieved by meditation when the mind is able to concentrate on an object which has a meaning and can be expressed through words.

Day 42,1.41  क्षीणवृत्तेरभिजातस्येव मणेर्ग्रहीतृग्रहणग्राह्येषु तत्स्थतदञ्जनतासमापत्तिः॥ kṣīṇa-vr̥tter-abhijātasy-eva maṇer-grahītr̥-grahaṇa-grāhyeṣu tatstha-tadañjanatā samāpattiḥ 


What happens due to meditations is mentioned here. Earlier we studied that there are thought modifications in mind which cause disturbances. In this sutra, it is mentioned that because of meditation, the vrittis(though modifications) become weak. The thoughts in the mind stabilize. Once the thoughts stabilize then the mind becomes clear like a transparent crystal without colorings and its ability to see things clearly.

The mind starts seeing things clearly ass they are and identifies itself with the object of meditation. Earlier we studied that vrittis are two types klishta and aklishta. These are the colorings of the mind which will not help us to see things clearly. Meditation helps in clearing the mind, calming the mind.

Day 41, 1.40: परमाणु परममहत्त्वान्तोऽस्य वशीकारः॥ paramāṇu parama-mahattva-anto-‘sya vaśīkāraḥ 


By practicing meditation as mentioned in any of the earlier mentioned methods, the person is able to meditate on the smallest object, i.e atom or on a mighty object which is infinite like the universe. Thus, we can see that as the mind becomes calmer and calmer in meditation, it can concentrate on the smallest object and also on the universe. So the prerequisite is we should meditate. Right now I am practicing 25 mins meditation/day which I plan to take it to 60 mins by the end of the readings of this sutra.

Day 40, 1.39: यथाभिमतध्यानाद्व॥ yathā-abhimata-dhyānād-vā 


In this sutra, complete freedom is given to the person who is meditating. A person can meditate on anything that he desires, which elevates him. This is the kind of flexibility provided in the yoga, that a person can choose anything that elevates him or makes his mind calm. The ultimate objective should be that the mind should become calm by the object of meditation. A person may try each one of the above-mentioned methods and try to meditate, whatever fits his personality he can select it and continue to meditate. For me meditating on breathing is quite suitable. Developed this technique after a lot of practice indeed.

Day 39,1.38 : स्वप्ननिद्राज्ञानालम्बनं वा svapna-nidrā jñāna-ālambanam vā 


Another technique of meditation is given here. This is the first time I am reading of such a technique. Here it says we can also meditate on the state of sleep or on the state of dreams. Here we should maintain caution that we should not meditate on the content of the dreams but we should meditate on the state of the dreams. ( I do not know how to do this as I have never tried).

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