Category: Spiritual pursuits (Page 2 of 11)

Day 43, 1.42  तत्र शब्दार्थज्ञानविकल्पैः संकीर्णा सवितर्का समापत्तिः॥tatra śabdārtha-jñāna-vikalpaiḥ saṁkīrṇā savitarkā samāpattiḥ ॥


Please read 1.9 and 1.17 for a better understanding of this sutra. In 1.9 the meaning and definition of “vikalpa” are given How we tend to form an imaginary world because of words and knowledge.

In 1.17 it is mentioned that vitarka is the state of application of mind towards an object. It happens in the initial stages of meditation.

Here in this sutra, two mental processes are explained. Imagination and application of mind on an object. The object here is knowledge which is in the form of words and has a meaning.

Thus we can say that sampatti ( Samadhi)/ absorption state, is achieved by meditation when the mind is able to concentrate on an object which has a meaning and can be expressed through words.

Day 113, Sloka 25 & 26, Chapter 5

5.25, Sloka 25, Chapter 5:

Another core activity of people who are called “Rishi” is given here. They are those set of people whose sins have been eradicated or removed or become weak, whose doubts have been dispelled about absolute truth, and are actively involved in the welfare of others. Such type people as they are involved in welfare, they attain the Brahma- nirvana, which is the realization of absolute truth.

5.26, Sloka 26, Chapter 5:

In this sloka Lord Krishna again gives affirmation that it is quite possible to realize the absolute truth in this very world. He says it is not only possible in the present world but also carried to the next existence.

The prequalifications are, the person should subdue his/her mind and should be free from desire and anger.

The concept of desire and anger keep repeating most of the time in Geetha and every time whenever they come, Lord Krishna requests us to be free of them.



Day 42,1.41  क्षीणवृत्तेरभिजातस्येव मणेर्ग्रहीतृग्रहणग्राह्येषु तत्स्थतदञ्जनतासमापत्तिः॥ kṣīṇa-vr̥tter-abhijātasy-eva maṇer-grahītr̥-grahaṇa-grāhyeṣu tatstha-tadañjanatā samāpattiḥ 


What happens due to meditations is mentioned here. Earlier we studied that there are thought modifications in mind which cause disturbances. In this sutra, it is mentioned that because of meditation, the vrittis(though modifications) become weak. The thoughts in the mind stabilize. Once the thoughts stabilize then the mind becomes clear like a transparent crystal without colorings and its ability to see things clearly.

The mind starts seeing things clearly ass they are and identifies itself with the object of meditation. Earlier we studied that vrittis are two types klishta and aklishta. These are the colorings of the mind which will not help us to see things clearly. Meditation helps in clearing the mind, calming the mind.

Day 112, Sloka 23 & 24, Chapter 5

5.23, Sloka 23, Chapter 5:

Here it is said again that a person need not wait for the next life or any other life to free himself from the samsara. It can be done in this very birth itself. A person who is freed from the desires and anger caused by frustration of non-fulfillment of desires, will neutralize himself from the physical, emotional and emotional stresses of the life. This will ultimately cause happiness in the mind of the person.

The words free from desire and anger is again repeated in this sloka. Desire is the root cause for all stress in life. If we leave desires then stress will not be there.

5.24, Sloka 24, Chapter 5:

A person who withstands the urges of desire and anger will be happy. Noe lord Krishna says how a person can be happy from within. It is said that a person is happy if the person evokes the knowledge of “self” within himself. A person who is withdrawn from pleasures of external world will be happy if he starts looking within himself. When a person is immersed in the self and who sees self in all external objects, and practicing yoga ( trying to unite self-consciousness with universal consciousness) ultimately attains the knowledge which will lead him to the real truth.


Day 41, 1.40: परमाणु परममहत्त्वान्तोऽस्य वशीकारः॥ paramāṇu parama-mahattva-anto-‘sya vaśīkāraḥ 


By practicing meditation as mentioned in any of the earlier mentioned methods, the person is able to meditate on the smallest object, i.e atom or on a mighty object which is infinite like the universe. Thus, we can see that as the mind becomes calmer and calmer in meditation, it can concentrate on the smallest object and also on the universe. So the prerequisite is we should meditate. Right now I am practicing 25 mins meditation/day which I plan to take it to 60 mins by the end of the readings of this sutra.

Day 111, Sloka 21 & 22, Chapter 5

5.21, Sloka 21, Chapter 5:

This sloka is the essence of Gita and a very powerful one. Those Who are not attached to external sense objects realize divine bliss with the self.

A person who is not happy with himself cannot make the world a better place. Why shouldn’t we be happy with our own self?  If a person realizes the ultimate truth/ultimate meaning of life and starts doing things accordingly he can be happy. If a person is happy he can make the world a better place.

Lord Krishna says such people who seek ultimate truth/meaning of life see unending happiness though uniting meaning of life with self.

5.22, Sloka 22, Chapter 5:

To support the earlier sloka Lord Krishna gives another Jewel of wisdom. He says all things which are external, which people seek usually have a starting and an end. They give pleasure in the beginning and they give pain once they end. There is no sense object in the world which can give happiness forever. All external things are transitory. So, if a person rests his happiness on those objects, then he will derive pleasure for some days and after some time, the pleasure ends. It has been the quest of mankind to find unending happiness. The answer is within the man himself and not on any external object.

Lord Krishna also says that the sense objects though seem to give pleasure, in the beginning, they ultimately cause misery. For unending happiness, we have to look within a person and find answers as to what causes ultimate happiness and pursue those activities that will lead to happiness. We usually confuse happiness as something that makes a person laugh all the time, be jovial, behave like an extrovert etc. Those may be some symptoms of happiness. I feel lack of sorrow is happiness. If we are not feeling sad that state is called happiness and it can be achieved by leading an active life completely absorbed in ultimate meaning of life.


Day 110, Sloka 19,20: Chapter 5

5.19, Sloka 19, Chapter 5:

This is a sloka of hope. Lord Krishna gives hope that those who are situated in equanimity will achieve paradise/heaven in this very life and they need not wait until the next birth. The only qualification given is equanimity. Equanimity to pain and pleasure people will experience the happiness in this present world. There is one more sub qualification added here. It is along with equanimity, people should be absorbed in the absolute truth whatever it is. If they are absorbed in the absolute truth, then they become free from samsara. That means the results of the work here on earth do not matter to them. They keep working completely absorbed in the absolute truth.

Thus it is clear that these two qualities, equanimity, and absorption in the absolute truth will take out the person from this world and make him experience paradise in this very life.

Will we not lose our concentration if we concentrate on absolute truth when we are doing work? It is meant here that you get completely absorbed in the work you are doing, whenever there are some distractions remember whether that will take you closer to your work or away from your work. If a person is absorbed in complete truth always then it will be easier for the intellect to make decisions, otherwise, a lot of willpower need to be generated to take decisions. Right decision making becomes easy if we are absorbed in ultimate truth.

5.20, Sloka 20, Chapter 5:

Continuing the qualifications Lord Krishna adds two more qualifications. Sthira buddhi means steadfast intellect. And assamudho: free from delusions.

Sthirabuddhi means there is no confusion in the mind of a person as to what is absolute truth. He is not confused into where the actual happiness is. Is it in the present world in the interactions with people/objects or is it inside a person living a life of virtue. I think that once the person has a fixed intellect, then decision making is easy. There will not be confused as to which path to pursue, which bridge to burn and which bridge to pursue. Things become clear if the mind is steadfast. Also, the person should be free from delusion. He should not be under the illusion of Maya. He should be able to differentiate between things of Maya and things of truth. A person having these qualifications and when he is absorbed in the ultimate truth, then he doesn’t feel bad when bad things happen to him or feel happy when pleasurable things happen to him. He basically becomes equanimous.



Day 40, 1.39: यथाभिमतध्यानाद्व॥ yathā-abhimata-dhyānād-vā 


In this sutra, complete freedom is given to the person who is meditating. A person can meditate on anything that he desires, which elevates him. This is the kind of flexibility provided in the yoga, that a person can choose anything that elevates him or makes his mind calm. The ultimate objective should be that the mind should become calm by the object of meditation. A person may try each one of the above-mentioned methods and try to meditate, whatever fits his personality he can select it and continue to meditate. For me meditating on breathing is quite suitable. Developed this technique after a lot of practice indeed.

Day 39,1.38 : स्वप्ननिद्राज्ञानालम्बनं वा svapna-nidrā jñāna-ālambanam vā 


Another technique of meditation is given here. This is the first time I am reading of such a technique. Here it says we can also meditate on the state of sleep or on the state of dreams. Here we should maintain caution that we should not meditate on the content of the dreams but we should meditate on the state of the dreams. ( I do not know how to do this as I have never tried).

Day 109, Sloka 17 & 18, Chapter 5

5.17, Sloka 17, Chapter 5:

People whose intellect is directed to ultimate truth (Intellect is one part of the mind, the decision maker in mind), whose atman (soul) is directed towards ultimate truth, whose faith is directed towards ultimate truth, when a person is completely absorbed in the work he is doing  then such a person reached the ultimate truth fast with his sins washed away by the knowledge.

Here four qualities are mentioned for the person who wants to know the truth

  1. He should have faith. (earlier in one sloka also faith as a prerequisite is mentioned)
  2. he should direct his intellect. Intellect is the decision maker in the mind. So, it makes the final call as to what action has to be pursued and what activity is not being pursued.

3.He should direct his soul. We have seen that the soul of a person is the ultimate enjoyer of whatever acts we are doing. So, if we direct our activities to the ultimate truth then the soul will reap the benefits of knowing the truth.

  1. Complete absorption in the activity (The activity of search for truth) a person does.

Thus, we can see that with the four qualities the person can attain knowledge which will wash away his ignorance.

5.18, Sloka 18, Chapter 5:

A person who gets the knowledge and the veil of ignorance is gone then he will develop a vision or insight that will allow him to see all living things equally in the world.

Knowledge gives vision to a person. This vision helps to discriminate from the plain vision what a person sees. We may see with our eyes that things are different like a cow may be different from a dog or elephant. A well-learned person may be different from a lower person. But a person who has the vision of knowledge sees all of them equally.

This is the power of knowledge it gives us the vision to see the reality and helps us not to get swayed by the superficial differences.

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