Category: Bhagwat Geetha (Page 2 of 7)

Day 108, Sloka 15 & 16, Chapter 5

5.15, Sloka 15, Chapter 5:

Lord Krishna reaffirms that he is not touched by the sins of the people and also the virtues of people. The actions of the people remain in the material world and people are responsible for their actions.

This Sloka explains why people perform sins or actions that bind them to the material world. The reason is simple. As long as the person is ignorant or doesn’t know what the truth is, he will be committing actions that bind him to actions.

The purpose of human beings is to endeavor to clear the veil of ignorance. Ignorance covers knowledge like ash covers the fire. We should clear the ignorance first, gain knowledge and work for the betterment of humanity.

5.16, Sloka 16, Chapter 5:

In this sloka, Lord Krishna gives assurance that ignorance can be removed. Some people remove the ignorance through constant practice. Knowledge is like a sun illuminating the whole space of ignorance. If ignorance is darkness, then knowledge is the light that we can use to come out of the darkness. That’s why a lot of emphases is placed on educational institutions, which transfer the knowledge and remove the ignorance of people.

We should read subject philosophy to gain more knowledge about various thought process scholars has about human beings. Also, knowledge can be self-taught through rigorous inquiry and be searching for answers as to what exactly is the truth.

Day 107, Sloka 13&14, Chapter 5

5.13, Sloka 13, Chapter 5:

In this sloka, the cause for happiness is given. If happiness is the effect, then the cause of it is the renouncing of fruitive activities mentally. A person whose physical body is within the boundaries of nine openings is happy when he thinks he is not the actual person who is doing the work and free from thinking he is the actual cause of any work.

The feeling of I am doing the work will lead to ego and attachment to the work. Attachment to the work will lead to stress which in turn will lead to unhappiness. The feeling of work being dedicated to the supreme and doing the work will lead to happiness.

A person who has renounced the ego will be happy because now he is doing the work for the supreme and he is process oriented and not result oriented.

5.14, Sloka 14, Chapter 5:

This is an excellent sloka by Lord Krishna. He says that he is the lord of the world and he works with non-detachment to run this world. He also says that he is not responsible for the actions of people. We keep on blaming the God that we didn’t achieve results because he did not help. We usually pray to God when we face difficulties thinking he will help us.

We always heard that “human beings are their own masters”. Now I understand why it was said so. We should help ourselves to improve our lives. Taking the example of nature, taking the example of  God how perfectly he runs the systems in the world without any attachment.


Day 106, Sloka 11 & 12, Chapter 5

5.11, Sloka 11, Chapter 5: 

Lord Krishna gives a powerful advice to us, that we should perform actions to purify ourselves. He says that we should do actions with the body, mind, intellect separating ourselves from the work and getting absorbed in the work totally. There should be the complete absorption of ourselves in the work so that there should be a union of ourselves with the work. This act should be performed without any attachment to the work.

5.12, Sloka 12, Chapter 5: 

The person who performs actions without worrying about the results of the actions will attain peace. In the present world, we are always driven by results. Though it is a good way to improve, it will not lead to perfection and increases frustration about not getting results and we may abandon the pursuit.
We should work with an attitude of constantly perfecting the processes of the work, and results are bound to come and not keep results before us and perfecting the processes.
The sloka requires a paradigm shift in our thinking in the way we work and in the results-driven world.

Day 105, Sloka 9 & 10,Chapter 5

5.9, Sloka 9, Chapter 5:

Like the action of eyelids which are constantly functioning but we do not know they are working. In the same way many organs in the work but we do not know they are working. Similarly, we should work in the world and we should not know we are working. This will happen only when we are completely absorbed in the work we are doing. Complete absorption is possible if we work, dedicating the work to the supreme and not ourselves.

5.10, Sloka 10, Chapter 5: 

For easy understanding lord, Krishna gives the example of Lotus leaf in water. Lotus leaf though it is in water, the water does not touch it. In the same way for the actions rendered by complete absorption in the supreme lord, sins will not touch them. Now we know that if do the action for the action sake and not affected by external situations then we are not affected by the fruits of the work.

Day 104, Sloka 7 & 8, Chapter 5

 5.7, Sloka 7, Chapter 5:

A person engaged in Yoga (whose consciousness is absorbed in supreme consciousness), who is able to control his mind, intellect and who is able to control the senses is able to see himself in others.
If we see the arrangement of words we find that we should first conquer the senses, then we should conquer the intellect and mind. Finally, if we can control the senses, mind, intellect then we can reach the state of Yoga. Once the state of Yoga is reached a person can see his soul in every soul. A person can see that all things in the world are made up of the same material. Modern scientific findings say we are all made up of the same material, Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and some materials. Also, if we take human beings we find that we all have the same number of chromosomes 46. Just the arrangement of genes on those chromosomes differ.
This realization is possible by science but if we want to see this, personally then we should control our mental and physical faculties first then the time can energy can be utilized for our growth so that we see the reality. 

5.8, Sloka 8, Chapter 5:

This is a powerful sloka of Geetha. Lord Krishna says that a person with knowledge will feel that he is not the person doing the work. The senses are doing the work and he is separate from the senses. Thus he tries to control the senses because he is separate from the senses. We all see this happening in the real world. We get so much attached to the senses that we feel that life is what the senses see and feel. Life is beyond those feelings and to experience those great feelings we should work with the attitude of separation from work.

Day 103, Sloka 5 & 6, Chapter 5

5.5, Sloka 5, Chapter 5:

Lord Krishna again reiterates that life of a person in action and life of a renunciate is the same as long as they concentrate on supreme self. This is most important, with what motive an action is being undertaken. If the motive is for personal good then the results are something different and if the motive of renunciation is escaping from the action then results will be something different.

It is clearly stated that both the paths are same as long as the motive of both remains the same. It is like two different paths leading to one destination. A person who understands this will choose his path as per his qualities and situations.

It is clear from this para that “type of motivation” which lies in mind is the root cause for a particular type of action.

5.6, Sloka 6, Chapter 5:

Lord Krishna again places emphasis on Karma Yog in this sloka. He says the practice of renunciation and not practicing yoga(Unification of individual soul with supreme soul) will lead to distress. He will be neither here nor there. The person in Himalayan caves if he thinks about the riches, comfort is neither here nor there. IN the same way, we should perform karma yoga absorbing ourselves with the supreme soul. We may get a doubt, as for how to get ourselves absorbed in supreme consciousness when doing work? Lord Krishna says we should get completely absorbed in the work we are doing and we should not do the work for our benefit but we should be selfless. We should not think how this work will benefit us, we should only think about work and nothing else when we are doing the work.


5.3, Sloka 3, Chapter 5:

This is a powerful sloka of Geetha. Here Lord gives the definition of a renunciate. He says whoever is free of desire and hatred towards fruits of action is a renunciate. We need not go to forests by renouncing all the work. We need to be neutral to the fruits of work. If we get a promotion or if we get praised by the boss we should be neutral to it in the same way when we get scolded by the boss. We should not take things personally but try to introspect where the issue is.

Lord Krishna also says that that person is said to be liberated who is free from dualities. All the things which restrict freedom of a person are supposed to cause bondage. Liberation is coming out of bondage. Bondage is caused by attachment. Attachment to the comforts and desires of the mind, the mind will not allow us to take rational decisions in life. If we overcome love -hatred,  praise-criticism, comfort-no comfort, heat-cold, then we can say we are free of bondage.

5.4, Sloka 4, Chapter 5:

Clearing Arjuna’s doubt further he says both Karma Yog and Karma Sanyasa are the same and they both yield the same result. The point Lord Krishna is emphasizing in both the Slokas is that the ultimate objective of any practice is being free from dualities and being free from attachments. A person may renunciate everything, go to forests and sit in a cave and think about all the material comforts of life, thinks about attachments of life, then he is not a renunciate. In the same way, a person doing work for himself, expecting rewards and fruits of the work is not getting liberated but going deep into bondage.

In the same way in sanyas or in action if a person is free from bondage and is equanimous to the outcomes then the person is liberated and both paths are the same which lead to liberation.

Day 101, Sloka 1 & 2 , chapter 5, Karma-Vairagya Yoga

5.1, Sloka 1, Chapter 5:

Arjuna has a doubt in mind like many of us. He asks Lord Krishna to clarify his earlier statements 1)what exactly he meant by actions done to achieve self-realization and

2)what exactly he meant to renunciate actions and achieve self-realization.

In chapter 4.39 Lord Krishna explains that a person can achieve self-realization on the strength of his faith and knowledge, in 4.42 Lord Krishna says a person has to do works with the knowledge to attain results. So Arjuna asks what is the best path to achieve self-realization by doing works or just by attaining knowledge/.

5.2, Sloka 2, Chapter 5:

Sri Krishna replies to Arjuna’s dilemma. He says that karma yoga is better than karma Sanyas. He says both the paths lead to the supreme goal, but if we compare the two, the path of karma yoga is superior because in the first path -Karma sanyas, there is  only benefit to the individual, whereas in the second path there is benefit to both the individual and also to the society because of the actions of the person.

In karma Yog, there is a practical application of knowledge gained in real life and performing karma yoga benefits the society because the person will be working for the benefit of others, without any individual gain.

Also, in one of the earlier sloka, Lord Krishna clearly says that work is always better to renunciation. The pat of renunciation looks very attractive because its easy to leave the society and go to the forests to do tapas away from human beings. It’s a big challenge to be in the midst of human beings and work for the society without any rewards. All the teachings of Lord Krishna will be tested when the person is working. Applying the teachings of Lord Krishna if a person can work then liberation is guaranteed.


Day 99, Sloka 39,40 Gnana Yoga

4.39 Sloka 39 Chapter 4

In this sloka Lord Krishna gives hope to the person who is seeking knowledge. A person on the strength of his faith, and who has attained equanimity of his senses (where the senses remain neutral) is bound to attain the knowledge which will liberate him. Once a person has knowledge then there will not be any confusion in his mind and he will attain supreme peace. The person is not in illusions of the world and he will attain peace.

4.40 Sloka 40 Chapter 4

In this sloka, Lord Krishna explains what will happen to the persons who are ignorant and without faith. He says those people without the right knowledge and who have doubts about the knowledge and who do not have faith in the knowledge will ultimately perish. He also mentions that such a person without faith and doubtful mind will not have happiness either in this birth or in the next birth.
It should be very clear that we should have a clear vision in life and we should pursue that vision with full faith. If we have doubts about our vision then we will not have peace and happiness. We should have faith in our vision and the path we are pursuing. Once we have that then there is a point that we get the supreme knowledge to understand our path which will cause happiness.
There should be proper alignment with our actions, words, and thoughts. If there is any mismatch between them then there is confusion and this confusion leads to an absence of peace in the life of an individual.

Day 98, Sloka 37 & 38, Chapter 4

 4.37 Sloka 37 Chapter 4

In this sloka, Lord Krishna gives illustration as for how spiritual knowledge can change the karma. He says spiritual knowledge has the power to burn the karma (the past) like fire burns the wood and turns it into ashes. The usage of analogy is important in that the mass of wood which is visible can completely be changed to another state, ashes which are not visible. All the sins of the past, karmic reactions can be burnt with knowledge.
Intense desire to change in a person, attaining knowledge and putting that knowledge into action will change the person and burns his past. So, the person can be hopeful whatever he does in the path of self-realization if he does with spiritual knowledge it will lead to the attainment of the goal.
There is always a hope. Supreme consciousness will come and teach the knowledge. Only pre-requisite is the person should have the intense desire.

4.38 Sloka 38 Chapter 4

Here Lord Krishna gives a pre-requisite for the spiritual knowledge. He says that if one keeps practicing karma yoga (work selflessly without rewards) or practice yoga (uniting self with the supreme consciousness) for a long period of time then spiritual knowledge will come to the person which will help in liberating the person. This is very important that we should prepare ourselves sincerely to receive the knowledge, prove ourselves that we are worthy of receiving the knowledge and once we are ready then the knowledge comes.

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