Category: Bhagwat Geetha (Page 1 of 7)

Day 118, Sloka 7 & 8, chapter 6

6.7, Sloka 7: Chapter 6:

A recipe for peace is given here. Lord Krishna says that that person is peaceful who has won over the senses and is absorbed in the supreme consciousness. Such a person is free from dualities. He treats heat, cold, happiness and sadness as the same. Also praise by people and also insults from people are the same for him. The key word in this sloka is being free from dualities. It means being in the same state (internally) to whatever happens externally. Irrespective of happenings in the outside world to a person, the person feels and responds in the same manner. This is the highest state of existence of a person. Usually, we get swayed by praise from our peers and we look forward to activities which draw a lot of praise from people. We also get demotivated by insults/lack of praise from people. If our actions are based on what we want from people in society then we are giving power to the external factor in a situation.

If the power is within us then we react same to whatever happens in our external surroundings. The internal state of the person should not change. Krishna uses the example of heat and cold as two opposite physical forms and how we react to them. He uses the feelings of happiness and sadness to explain the point. Can we feel the same emotion in all situations? This is highly difficult not an impossible situation. This is possible for a person who won over his senses and is absorbed in supreme consciousness.

6.8, Sloka 8: Chapter 6:

Lord Krishna gives the explanation of the meaning of Yogi. The words of gnana for Knowledge and vignana- wisdom are used in the first line. This indicates that a person having the correct knowledge regarding the ultimate truth and who uses this knowledge on himself and gains wisdom (Vignana) ,and who is fully satisfied with whatever he is having and whatever he is doing , and one who is undisturbed to whatever is happening externally (being equanimous) and who had conquered his senses and is absorbed with the supreme consciousness is said to be an yogi. An yogi with all the above-mentioned qualities will look at dirt, stone or gold as the same.

 

 

 

 

Day 117, Sloka 5 & 6, Chapter 6

6.5, Sloka 5 & 6: Chapter 6:

In this sloka, Lord Krishna gives out who is the friend and foe of a person. He says “the mind” is the friend and enemy of a person. If a person can keep the mind’s desires under control, the mind becomes his friend. If the person cannot keep the mind’s desires under check the mind, in fact, acts like an enemy to the person. It basically destroys a person slowly and slowly. The person will not even know he is being destroyed but the desires of the person will destroy him slowly and slowly. One desire at the subtle level will lead to another desire at a higher level. The desires are indeed in the form of a chain, one higher form of desire feeding and building on a lower form of desire.

The desires of mind form the crucial link for a mind to be a friend of a person or enemy. A proper disciplined, cultivated mind is like a friend of a person. It elevates him from his desires and also keeps a check on desires. the cultivated mind keeps the basic, elemental desires at check so that they do not become big and engulf the person.

Lord Krishna asks people to elevate themselves their mind and does not degrade it. How does a person elevate the mind? elevating the mind is by making it “fast” from what it needs. Basically, a mind needs comforts and it makes a human being so many things to be in the comfort zone.  Feed the mind virtues of life and values which make a great life. Feed the mind with a constant inquiry of what’s truth and what’s untruth. Using reason as a tool of the intellect, feed the mind constantly with what’s the truth. It makes progress gradually from what it is, a comfort-seeking brain to higher levels of truth-seeking.

Day 116, Sloka 3 & 4, Chapter 6

6.3, Sloka 3: Chapter 6:

Here in this sloka, the qualifications for a person aspiring to be a yogi and who has become a yogi are given. Lord Krishna says that when a person is trying to reach the union of individual consciousness with universal consciousness, then actions are the means by which he has to try. By actions, he will be going through all the desires and resist them and overcome them. He will conquer anger, greed, lie, inauthenticity etc by being in action by being in this world it is possible to live such a life.  Once a person has lived such a life then he is ready to leave the actions and reflect upon higher things which will enable him to be in the union.

Thus it is made clear that we have to conquer ourselves by being very much where we are and not go to the Himalayas to conquer ourselves.

6.4, Sloka 4: Chapter 6:

This is another powerful sloka. Here Lord Krishna says how can we identify the person who is ready for renunciation and perform meditation. In simple words when can we say a person is self-realized? The person is self-realized who does not look for pleasure from the sense objects. Even if the highest temptation is put before them, they do not budge because they have tasted the higher fruit of universal consciousness. We observe this in people with high willpower on earth. Detached life in the present world is the signal with which we can identify the person who is on the path to become a yogi.

Day 105, Sloka 1 & 2 , Chapter 6

6.1, Sloka 1: Chapter 6 : Dhyan Yoga:

Lord Krishna gives the definition of a yogi here. Who can be called a “yogi”? he says the person who is performing all the activities without any desire and trying to unite his individual consciousness with universal consciousness is called a yogi and not people who have just left of all activities of the world.

This sloka gives the affirmation that we need not go to jungles to practice renunciation. We can practice them right here, right now. Though the temptations are difficult in this world, but if we can practice work as per the concepts of yoga in the present state that gives more happiness to the individual.

6.2, Sloka 2: Chapter 6:

In this sloka, Lord Krishna gives the meanings of Yoga and renunciation. He says renunciation is not leaving the work, renunciation is leaving the desire for the results of work. If the person leaves the desire for the results of work, then he is called a renunciate or sanyasi. This is stage one.

For a sanyasi to become a yogi, there is stage 2. He should try to unite his individual consciousness with ultimate consciousness/ultimate truth through the practice of yoga.

Thus we have seen that in earlier sloka Lord Krishna established the supremacy of karma sanyasa in chapter 3,4,5 and now he is asking us to move forward to next stage: Yoga and become a karma yogi.

5.27,28,29 Sloka 27,28,29 Chapter 5

5.27,28,29 Sloka 27,28,29 Chapter 5:

We spoke a lot about liberation. Liberation from karma, liberation from samsara life etc. In this sloka, Lord Krishna talks about what actually liberation means and how it is attained. Liberation means freedom. Freedom from desires, and its accomplices, anger, greed, comforts. Freedom from the wants of the brain. Freedom from external sense objects. If we can free our brain from external sense objects and desires for them, that is freedom.

After freeing the mind from these desires, we concentrate our mind on the breath, and between the eyebrows so that the mind can focus on our self and start the journey of yoga. In the journey of yoga, a person slowly inches forward towards unification of self to ultimate consciousness.

The recipe for liberation is given here in a simple way. Freeing from senses and concentrating inward and working steadfastly.

Also in sloka 29, Lord Krishna adds, if people are working then they should work as if they are doing like a Yagna. the yagna and austerities of yagna ( read work ) should be offered to him and not to themselves. If people offer their work to the lord then the stress will vanish in people and peace will come to them.

Day 113, Sloka 25 & 26, Chapter 5

5.25, Sloka 25, Chapter 5:

Another core activity of people who are called “Rishi” is given here. They are those set of people whose sins have been eradicated or removed or become weak, whose doubts have been dispelled about absolute truth, and are actively involved in the welfare of others. Such type people as they are involved in welfare, they attain the Brahma- nirvana, which is the realization of absolute truth.

5.26, Sloka 26, Chapter 5:

In this sloka Lord Krishna again gives affirmation that it is quite possible to realize the absolute truth in this very world. He says it is not only possible in the present world but also carried to the next existence.

The prequalifications are, the person should subdue his/her mind and should be free from desire and anger.

The concept of desire and anger keep repeating most of the time in Geetha and every time whenever they come, Lord Krishna requests us to be free of them.

 

 

Day 112, Sloka 23 & 24, Chapter 5

5.23, Sloka 23, Chapter 5:

Here it is said again that a person need not wait for the next life or any other life to free himself from the samsara. It can be done in this very birth itself. A person who is freed from the desires and anger caused by frustration of non-fulfillment of desires, will neutralize himself from the physical, emotional and emotional stresses of the life. This will ultimately cause happiness in the mind of the person.

The words free from desire and anger is again repeated in this sloka. Desire is the root cause for all stress in life. If we leave desires then stress will not be there.

5.24, Sloka 24, Chapter 5:

A person who withstands the urges of desire and anger will be happy. Noe lord Krishna says how a person can be happy from within. It is said that a person is happy if the person evokes the knowledge of “self” within himself. A person who is withdrawn from pleasures of external world will be happy if he starts looking within himself. When a person is immersed in the self and who sees self in all external objects, and practicing yoga ( trying to unite self-consciousness with universal consciousness) ultimately attains the knowledge which will lead him to the real truth.

 

Day 111, Sloka 21 & 22, Chapter 5

5.21, Sloka 21, Chapter 5:

This sloka is the essence of Gita and a very powerful one. Those Who are not attached to external sense objects realize divine bliss with the self.

A person who is not happy with himself cannot make the world a better place. Why shouldn’t we be happy with our own self?  If a person realizes the ultimate truth/ultimate meaning of life and starts doing things accordingly he can be happy. If a person is happy he can make the world a better place.

Lord Krishna says such people who seek ultimate truth/meaning of life see unending happiness though uniting meaning of life with self.

5.22, Sloka 22, Chapter 5:

To support the earlier sloka Lord Krishna gives another Jewel of wisdom. He says all things which are external, which people seek usually have a starting and an end. They give pleasure in the beginning and they give pain once they end. There is no sense object in the world which can give happiness forever. All external things are transitory. So, if a person rests his happiness on those objects, then he will derive pleasure for some days and after some time, the pleasure ends. It has been the quest of mankind to find unending happiness. The answer is within the man himself and not on any external object.

Lord Krishna also says that the sense objects though seem to give pleasure, in the beginning, they ultimately cause misery. For unending happiness, we have to look within a person and find answers as to what causes ultimate happiness and pursue those activities that will lead to happiness. We usually confuse happiness as something that makes a person laugh all the time, be jovial, behave like an extrovert etc. Those may be some symptoms of happiness. I feel lack of sorrow is happiness. If we are not feeling sad that state is called happiness and it can be achieved by leading an active life completely absorbed in ultimate meaning of life.

 

Day 110, Sloka 19,20: Chapter 5

5.19, Sloka 19, Chapter 5:

This is a sloka of hope. Lord Krishna gives hope that those who are situated in equanimity will achieve paradise/heaven in this very life and they need not wait until the next birth. The only qualification given is equanimity. Equanimity to pain and pleasure people will experience the happiness in this present world. There is one more sub qualification added here. It is along with equanimity, people should be absorbed in the absolute truth whatever it is. If they are absorbed in the absolute truth, then they become free from samsara. That means the results of the work here on earth do not matter to them. They keep working completely absorbed in the absolute truth.

Thus it is clear that these two qualities, equanimity, and absorption in the absolute truth will take out the person from this world and make him experience paradise in this very life.

Will we not lose our concentration if we concentrate on absolute truth when we are doing work? It is meant here that you get completely absorbed in the work you are doing, whenever there are some distractions remember whether that will take you closer to your work or away from your work. If a person is absorbed in complete truth always then it will be easier for the intellect to make decisions, otherwise, a lot of willpower need to be generated to take decisions. Right decision making becomes easy if we are absorbed in ultimate truth.

5.20, Sloka 20, Chapter 5:

Continuing the qualifications Lord Krishna adds two more qualifications. Sthira buddhi means steadfast intellect. And assamudho: free from delusions.

Sthirabuddhi means there is no confusion in the mind of a person as to what is absolute truth. He is not confused into where the actual happiness is. Is it in the present world in the interactions with people/objects or is it inside a person living a life of virtue. I think that once the person has a fixed intellect, then decision making is easy. There will not be confused as to which path to pursue, which bridge to burn and which bridge to pursue. Things become clear if the mind is steadfast. Also, the person should be free from delusion. He should not be under the illusion of Maya. He should be able to differentiate between things of Maya and things of truth. A person having these qualifications and when he is absorbed in the ultimate truth, then he doesn’t feel bad when bad things happen to him or feel happy when pleasurable things happen to him. He basically becomes equanimous.

 

 

Day 109, Sloka 17 & 18, Chapter 5

5.17, Sloka 17, Chapter 5:

People whose intellect is directed to ultimate truth (Intellect is one part of the mind, the decision maker in mind), whose atman (soul) is directed towards ultimate truth, whose faith is directed towards ultimate truth, when a person is completely absorbed in the work he is doing  then such a person reached the ultimate truth fast with his sins washed away by the knowledge.

Here four qualities are mentioned for the person who wants to know the truth

  1. He should have faith. (earlier in one sloka also faith as a prerequisite is mentioned)
  2. he should direct his intellect. Intellect is the decision maker in the mind. So, it makes the final call as to what action has to be pursued and what activity is not being pursued.

3.He should direct his soul. We have seen that the soul of a person is the ultimate enjoyer of whatever acts we are doing. So, if we direct our activities to the ultimate truth then the soul will reap the benefits of knowing the truth.

  1. Complete absorption in the activity (The activity of search for truth) a person does.

Thus, we can see that with the four qualities the person can attain knowledge which will wash away his ignorance.

5.18, Sloka 18, Chapter 5:

A person who gets the knowledge and the veil of ignorance is gone then he will develop a vision or insight that will allow him to see all living things equally in the world.

Knowledge gives vision to a person. This vision helps to discriminate from the plain vision what a person sees. We may see with our eyes that things are different like a cow may be different from a dog or elephant. A well-learned person may be different from a lower person. But a person who has the vision of knowledge sees all of them equally.

This is the power of knowledge it gives us the vision to see the reality and helps us not to get swayed by the superficial differences.

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