Author: Basava Purushottam (Page 1 of 11)

Day 48, 1.47:निर्विचारवैशारद्येऽध्यात्मप्रसादः॥nirvicāra-vaiśāradye-‘dhyātma-prasādaḥ ॥


As the mind attains nirvichara , when the subtle thoughts are crossed then we are blessed with the adhyatma. The meaning of adhyatma is supreme self. Here it is explained that ass we keep crossing various stages of meditation then we reach the stage where we can realize the adhyatma. This happens when we cross the seeds of our thoughts and as we dive deeper then the person doing meditation is blessed with looking at supreme self in meditation.

Day 118, Sloka 7 & 8, chapter 6

6.7, Sloka 7: Chapter 6:

A recipe for peace is given here. Lord Krishna says that that person is peaceful who has won over the senses and is absorbed in the supreme consciousness. Such a person is free from dualities. He treats heat, cold, happiness and sadness as the same. Also praise by people and also insults from people are the same for him. The key word in this sloka is being free from dualities. It means being in the same state (internally) to whatever happens externally. Irrespective of happenings in the outside world to a person, the person feels and responds in the same manner. This is the highest state of existence of a person. Usually, we get swayed by praise from our peers and we look forward to activities which draw a lot of praise from people. We also get demotivated by insults/lack of praise from people. If our actions are based on what we want from people in society then we are giving power to the external factor in a situation.

If the power is within us then we react same to whatever happens in our external surroundings. The internal state of the person should not change. Krishna uses the example of heat and cold as two opposite physical forms and how we react to them. He uses the feelings of happiness and sadness to explain the point. Can we feel the same emotion in all situations? This is highly difficult not an impossible situation. This is possible for a person who won over his senses and is absorbed in supreme consciousness.

6.8, Sloka 8: Chapter 6:

Lord Krishna gives the explanation of the meaning of Yogi. The words of gnana for Knowledge and vignana- wisdom are used in the first line. This indicates that a person having the correct knowledge regarding the ultimate truth and who uses this knowledge on himself and gains wisdom (Vignana) ,and who is fully satisfied with whatever he is having and whatever he is doing , and one who is undisturbed to whatever is happening externally (being equanimous) and who had conquered his senses and is absorbed with the supreme consciousness is said to be an yogi. An yogi with all the above-mentioned qualities will look at dirt, stone or gold as the same.





Day 47, 1.46: ता एव सबीजः समाधिः॥tā eva sabījas-samādhiḥ ॥


Here Patanjali introduces the word samadhi for the first time. He uses the word sabija samadhi. We have seen the word SA-vitarka sampatti and NI-vitarka sampatti, then he uses the words SA-vichara sampatti and NIR-vichara sampatti , now he uses the word SA-Bija samadhi. This is the first stage of union with the universal soul. We unite with the seed that created the universe which is in the unconscious state of the mind. It’s not that we become unconscious we are conscious but reach that stage where we reach the seed stage of the thoughts. The thoughts start ceasing slowly and slowly as we go deeper and deeper in meditation.

Day 117, Sloka 5 & 6, Chapter 6

6.5, Sloka 5 & 6: Chapter 6:

In this sloka, Lord Krishna gives out who is the friend and foe of a person. He says “the mind” is the friend and enemy of a person. If a person can keep the mind’s desires under control, the mind becomes his friend. If the person cannot keep the mind’s desires under check the mind, in fact, acts like an enemy to the person. It basically destroys a person slowly and slowly. The person will not even know he is being destroyed but the desires of the person will destroy him slowly and slowly. One desire at the subtle level will lead to another desire at a higher level. The desires are indeed in the form of a chain, one higher form of desire feeding and building on a lower form of desire.

The desires of mind form the crucial link for a mind to be a friend of a person or enemy. A proper disciplined, cultivated mind is like a friend of a person. It elevates him from his desires and also keeps a check on desires. the cultivated mind keeps the basic, elemental desires at check so that they do not become big and engulf the person.

Lord Krishna asks people to elevate themselves their mind and does not degrade it. How does a person elevate the mind? elevating the mind is by making it “fast” from what it needs. Basically, a mind needs comforts and it makes a human being so many things to be in the comfort zone.  Feed the mind virtues of life and values which make a great life. Feed the mind with a constant inquiry of what’s truth and what’s untruth. Using reason as a tool of the intellect, feed the mind constantly with what’s the truth. It makes progress gradually from what it is, a comfort-seeking brain to higher levels of truth-seeking.

Day 46, 1.45, सूक्ष्मविषयत्वं चालिङ्गपर्यवसानम्॥sūkṣma-viṣayatvam-ca-aliṇga paryavasānam 


Once even the subtle level has crossed we tend to reach the state of Prakriti . People might have experienced stages given in 1.44 and 1.45 during meditations though for a very brief period of time. Where we feel we entered into some area which is totally non-explainable. Basically, it is moving from conscious state (Savitarka sampatti) to subconsciousness ( Nivitarka sampatti ) and then the stage of unconsciousness and then cross that stage too in the final one.

Day 116, Sloka 3 & 4, Chapter 6

6.3, Sloka 3: Chapter 6:

Here in this sloka, the qualifications for a person aspiring to be a yogi and who has become a yogi are given. Lord Krishna says that when a person is trying to reach the union of individual consciousness with universal consciousness, then actions are the means by which he has to try. By actions, he will be going through all the desires and resist them and overcome them. He will conquer anger, greed, lie, inauthenticity etc by being in action by being in this world it is possible to live such a life.  Once a person has lived such a life then he is ready to leave the actions and reflect upon higher things which will enable him to be in the union.

Thus it is made clear that we have to conquer ourselves by being very much where we are and not go to the Himalayas to conquer ourselves.

6.4, Sloka 4: Chapter 6:

This is another powerful sloka. Here Lord Krishna says how can we identify the person who is ready for renunciation and perform meditation. In simple words when can we say a person is self-realized? The person is self-realized who does not look for pleasure from the sense objects. Even if the highest temptation is put before them, they do not budge because they have tasted the higher fruit of universal consciousness. We observe this in people with high willpower on earth. Detached life in the present world is the signal with which we can identify the person who is on the path to become a yogi.

Day 45, 1.44,  एतयैव सविचारा निर्विचारा च सूक्ष्मविषया व्याख्याता॥etayaiva savicārā nirvicārā ca sūkṣma-viṣaya vyākhyātā ॥


Here two further stages of meditations are mentioned. Stage one meditation is wholesome thoughts about the object : savitarka samadhi.

Stage two meditation is dissolving of wholesome thoughts of the object called nirvitarka samadhi.

Stage there of meditation is all the external thoughts about the objects dissolve and only subtle thoughts remain.

Stage four is dissolving even the subtle thoughts about the object.

Thus when we cross the stages of meditation crossing one layer and another layer we enter to the minutest subtle thought about the object.

Day 105, Sloka 1 & 2 , Chapter 6

6.1, Sloka 1: Chapter 6 : Dhyan Yoga:

Lord Krishna gives the definition of a yogi here. Who can be called a “yogi”? he says the person who is performing all the activities without any desire and trying to unite his individual consciousness with universal consciousness is called a yogi and not people who have just left of all activities of the world.

This sloka gives the affirmation that we need not go to jungles to practice renunciation. We can practice them right here, right now. Though the temptations are difficult in this world, but if we can practice work as per the concepts of yoga in the present state that gives more happiness to the individual.

6.2, Sloka 2: Chapter 6:

In this sloka, Lord Krishna gives the meanings of Yoga and renunciation. He says renunciation is not leaving the work, renunciation is leaving the desire for the results of work. If the person leaves the desire for the results of work, then he is called a renunciate or sanyasi. This is stage one.

For a sanyasi to become a yogi, there is stage 2. He should try to unite his individual consciousness with ultimate consciousness/ultimate truth through the practice of yoga.

Thus we have seen that in earlier sloka Lord Krishna established the supremacy of karma sanyasa in chapter 3,4,5 and now he is asking us to move forward to next stage: Yoga and become a karma yogi.

Day 44, 1.43 स्मृतिपरिशुद्धौ स्वरूपशून्येवार्थमात्रनिर्भासा निर्वितर्का॥smr̥ti-pariśuddhau svarūpa-śūnyeva-arthamātra-nirbhāsā nirvitarkā ॥


In the earlier sutra 1.43 we talked about savitarka sampatti. In this sutra we will talk abour nivitarka samaptti.

The components of savitarka sampatti are word, knowledge and essence of the object that comes n mind on which we meditate.

In nivitrka sampatti , we move to the memory level and meditate and achieve samadhi.

When we meditate on an object there are stages of meditation. First it is word, secondly , the knowledge associated with the word and third the memory associated with the word.

Let us take an example of object of meditation:

  1. Breath: If we are meditating on breath, we observe that we are breathing. This is the word. Then the knowledge of breathing that we are inhaling and exhaling. (words). Thus, we know whether we are taking breath inside or outside.

How did we know that we are inhaling or exhaling? we were told in class and in our childhood by our elders that the act of taking air inside is called inhaling and act of giving out breath is exhaling. This is knowledge.

If we go beyond that then the act of only breathing remains. Just observe it then the memory of knowledge slowly and slowly fades away and we only meditate on the object of breath itself.

This state is called nivitarka sampatti or nivitarka samadhi.


5.27,28,29 Sloka 27,28,29 Chapter 5

5.27,28,29 Sloka 27,28,29 Chapter 5:

We spoke a lot about liberation. Liberation from karma, liberation from samsara life etc. In this sloka, Lord Krishna talks about what actually liberation means and how it is attained. Liberation means freedom. Freedom from desires, and its accomplices, anger, greed, comforts. Freedom from the wants of the brain. Freedom from external sense objects. If we can free our brain from external sense objects and desires for them, that is freedom.

After freeing the mind from these desires, we concentrate our mind on the breath, and between the eyebrows so that the mind can focus on our self and start the journey of yoga. In the journey of yoga, a person slowly inches forward towards unification of self to ultimate consciousness.

The recipe for liberation is given here in a simple way. Freeing from senses and concentrating inward and working steadfastly.

Also in sloka 29, Lord Krishna adds, if people are working then they should work as if they are doing like a Yagna. the yagna and austerities of yagna ( read work ) should be offered to him and not to themselves. If people offer their work to the lord then the stress will vanish in people and peace will come to them.

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